episode #104 creatures of beliefs

West Kirby beach overlooking Wales

belief

A mental attitude of acceptance or assent toward a proposition without the full intellectual knowledge required to guarantee its truth. Believing is either an intellectual judgment or, as the 18th-century Scottish Skeptic David Hume maintained, a special sort of feeling with overtones that differ from those of disbelief. Beliefs have been distinguished according to their degree of certainty: a surmise or suspicion, an opinion, or a conviction. Belief becomes knowledge only when the truth of a proposition becomes evident to the believer. Belief in someone or something is basically different from belief that a proposition is true.

In epistemology, philosophers use the term “belief” to refer to attitudes about the world which can be either true or false. It is common to think of believing as involving entities—beliefs—that are in some sense contained in the mind. It is also common to suppose that beliefs play a causal role in the production of behaviour.

Contemporary Anglophone philosophers of mind generally use the term “belief” to refer to the attitude we have, roughly, whenever we take something to be the case or regard it as true. To believe something, in this sense, needn’t involve actively reflecting on it. Nor does the term “belief”, in standard philosophical usage, imply any uncertainty or any extended reflection about the matter in question. 

In the context of Ancient Greek thought, three related concepts were identified regarding the concept of belief: pistis, doxa, and dogma. Simplified, pistis refers to “trust” and “confidence,” doxa refers to “opinion” and “acceptance,” and dogma refers to the positions of a philosopher or of a philosophical school such as Stoicism.

Traditionally, philosophers have mainly focused in their inquiries concerning belief on the notion of belief-that. Belief-that can be characterised as a propositional attitude to a claim which is either true or false. Belief-in, on the other hand, is more closely related to notions like trust or faith in that it refers usually to an attitude to persons.[30] Belief-in plays a central role in many religious traditions in which belief in God is one of the central virtues of their followers.

Music

Gorillaz: Murdoc Is God

Beastie Boys: Believe Me

Morcheeba feat. Biz Markie: In The Hands Of The Gods

Towa Tei: I Want to Relax, Please!

Miles Davis: Shhh, Peaceful

Florence + The Machine: Big God

slowthai: Peace of Mind

Elvis Costello & The Roots: If I Could Believe

Talk Talk: I Believe in You

The Cinematic Orchestra feat. Moses Sumney: To Believe


A community radio midnight show Through the Bohemian Looking Glass is aired Sunday, Tuesday and Friday night at midnight (GMT), that means you stay late on Saturday, Monday and Thursday. A new episode is aired every Sunday midnight (the night between Saturday and Sunday) on Wirral Wave radio or AirTime. Later on SoundCloud for some time.